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Phase 1 Implementation Plan

This document is a DRAFT plan to implement the Phase 1 Recommendations of the Metadata Distribution WG.

Executive Summary

  1. InCommon Operations will deploy three new metadata aggregates at the following permanent HTTP locations:
    • http://md.incommon.org/InCommon/InCommon-metadata.xml (production metadata)
    • http://md.incommon.org/InCommon/InCommon-metadata-preview.xml (preview metadata)
    • http://md.incommon.org/InCommon/InCommon-metadata-fallback.xml (fallback metadata)
  2. All metadata aggregates will be signed using a new self-signed signing certificate set to expire on December 18, 2037.
    • Although the signing certificate is new, the signing key is not.
  3. All metadata aggregates will be signed with the same key but the fallback metadata aggregate will use a different digest algorithm.
    • Both the production metadata aggregate and the preview metadata aggregate will be signed using a SHA-2 digest algorithm (specifically, SHA-256).
    • The fallback metadata aggregate will be signed using the SHA-1 digest algorithm (which is what we use now).
  4. All deployments shall migrate to one of the new metadata aggregates ASAP but no later than March 29, 2014.
    • The current metadata aggregate will be replaced with a redirect to the fallback metadata aggregate on March 29, 2014.
    • If your metadata process can verify an XML signature that uses the SHA-256 digest algorithm, migrate to the production metadata aggregate or the preview metadata aggregate.
    • If your metadata process can not verify an XML signature that uses the SHA-256 digest algorithm, migrate to the fallback metadata aggregate.
  5. All deployments shall migrate to the production metadata aggregate or the preview metadata aggregate by June 30, 2014.
    • On June 30, the fallback metadata aggregate will be synced with the production metadata aggregate (i.e., all aggregates will be signed using the SHA-256 digest algorithm).
    • After June 30, all metadata aggregates published by the InCommon Federation will be signed using the SHA-256 digest algorithm.

See the Phase 1 Implementation Plan FAQ for more information.

Current Policy

It is strongly recommended that InCommon SPs and IdPs refresh and verify metadata at least daily. The security implications of metadata refresh are discussed on the Metadata Consumption wiki page:

Regular metadata refresh protects users against spoofing and phishing, and is a necessary precaution in the event of key compromise. Failure to refresh metadata exposes you, your users, and other Federation participants to unnecessary risk.

If you verify the digital signature on InCommon metadata (as recommended), the following implementation plan may affect your metadata refresh process. Even if you don't verify the signature (which is not recommended), note that the HTTP location of InCommon metadata is changing.

Drivers

  1. The InCommon metadata signing certificate expires on May 2, 2014.
    • If we don't issue a new metadata signing certificate by May 2, 2014, an expired signing certificate will be bound to the XML signature in metadata.
  2. The InCommon metadata signing certificate is signed by a legacy CA whose certificate expires on March 29, 2014.
    • If we don't issue a new metadata signing certificate by March 29, 2014, an expired CA certificate will be bound to the XML signature in metadata.
    • The CA certificate adds nothing to the security of metadata, so its presence (expired or not) only serves to confuse consumers.
  3. The XML signature on InCommon metadata uses the deprecated (and soon-to-be disallowed) SHA-1 digest algorithm.
    • NIST deprecated the use of SHA-1 in conjunction with digital signatures on January 1, 2011.
    • NIST disallows the use of SHA-1 in conjunction with digital signatures after January 1, 2014.
    • See: NIST SP 800-57 Part 1, Revision 3 (July 2012), Tables 3 and 4
  4. Multiple, heterogeneous services run on vhost wayf.incommonfederation.org, namely, Metadata Services and the Discovery Service. To provide better quality of service, these services need to be segregated on their own vhosts (md.incommon.org and ds.incommon.org, resp.).
  5. Multiple metadata aggregates will allow us to deploy changes to InCommon metadata more quickly and safely.

Actions

InCommon Operations will take the following actions:

  1. Create a new self-signed signing certificate set to expire on December 18, 2037:
    • https://md.incommon.org/certs/incommon.pem
  2. Make it possible to securely download the new signing certificate via the Federation Manager.
  3. Deploy a new production metadata aggregate that uses the new self-signed certificate and a SHA2-based signing algorithm (specifically, SHA-256):
    • http://md.incommon.org/InCommon/InCommon-metadata.xml
  4. Deploy a new fallback metadata aggregate that uses the new self-signed certificate and the SHA1-based signing algorithm (like we do now):
    • http://md.incommon.org/InCommon/InCommon-metadata-fallback.xml
  5. Deploy a new test metadata aggregate that is identical to the production metadata aggregate (initially):
    • http://md.incommon.org/InCommon/InCommon-metadata-test.xml
  6. Advise all deployments to migrate to one of the new metadata aggregates ASAP but no later than March 29, 2014.
  7. Replace the current metadata aggregate with a redirect to the fallback metadata aggregate on March 29, 2014.
  8. Retire the following resources on March 29, 2014:
    • http://wayf.incommonfederation.org/InCommon/InCommon-metadata.xml
    • http://wayf.incommonfederation.org/InCommon/InCommon-metadata-test.xml
    • https://wayf.incommonfederation.org/bridge/certs/incommon.pem
    • https://wayf.incommonfederation.org/bridge/certs/ca.pem
    • http://incommoncrl1.incommonfederation.org/crl/eecrls.crl
    • http://incommoncrl2.incommonfederation.org/crl/eecrls.crl
  9. Sync the fallback metadata aggregate with the production metadata aggregate on June 30, 2014.
  10. Remove the redirect to the fallback metadata aggregate on [date TBD].

A discussion list will be created for administrators that have questions or problems regarding this transition.

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