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The Grouper change log consists of three tables.  the change log temp table is where every grouper process writes events.  The change log temp to change log processes these events, gives them a sequential numeric id, calculates point in time calculations, and moves the data to the change log table.  Change log consumers read from the change log table and keep a pointer to their progress in the change log consumer table.

Troubleshooting

Occasionally the changelog consumer may get stuck processing. This can occur when a group has been deleted and a grouperRule cannot find the group to process. 

In the UI, these will show up as errors in daemon page:

Here you can see that every minute, the CHANGE_LOG_consumer_grouperRules has had an Error.

To advance the changelog consumer, view the error message which indicates which changelog entry it was stuck on (scroll all the way to the right in the Grouper UI):

Error: Error processing record 256133454, sequenceNumber: 256133454, java.lang.RuntimeException:

Look in the changelog for entries pertaining to the sequence number the consumer got stuck at.

SELECT * FROM GROUPER_CHANGE_LOG_ENTRY WHERE SEQUENCE_NUMBER >= 256133454;

Once you've found the group of entries you want to skip over, update the changelog consumer table for the specific changelog consumer you want to manually advance:

UPDATE GROUPER_CHANGE_LOG_CONSUMER SET LAST_SEQUENCE_PROCESSED = 256133489 WHERE NAME = 'grouperRules';
 
Then return to the grouper miscellaneous status page to monitor the changelog consumer for progress

Change log

 This topic is discussed in the Advanced Topics training video.

Grouper can integrate with or provision data to external systems in real-time. This is done using Grouper Notifications, which are based on the Grouper Change Log. Approaches include:

  • Use the Provisioning Service Provider (PSP). The PSP is able to incrementally provision one or more target LDAP directories (including Active Directory) based on the Change log. It can also provision SPML targets.
  • Use the Grouper ESB Connector or XMPP to implement notifications from the Change log.
  • Implement your own custom change log consumer in Java. This provides additional flexibility since you can get direct access to all the information for each change, but does require custom code. This is most useful if you are provisioning a target that cannot be provisioned by the other methods.

Change Log Events

As of Grouper 2.0, the following change log events are supported.  Note that Grouper 2.1 no longer has notifications on flattened permissions due to performance concerns.  Instead, whenever anything related to a permission changes (including memberships and all the hierarchies that could be involved in forming a permission), change log events are added for all the roles involved.  The action name for the change log entry is permissionChangeOnRole.

This diagram shows the Change Log and Notifications in the Grouper Architecture.

Here are some change log events, you should look in source for your version of Grouper to get the full list.  See ChangeLogTypeBuiltin.java or the GROUPER_CHANGE_LOG_TYPE table.

Change Log Category

Action Name

attributeAssign

addAttributeAssign

attributeAssign

deleteAttributeAssign

attributeAssignAction

addAttributeAssignAction

attributeAssignAction

deleteAttributeAssignAction

attributeAssignAction

updateAttributeAssignAction

attributeAssignActionSet

addAttributeAssignActionSet

attributeAssignActionSet

deleteAttributeAssignActionSet

attributeAssignValue

addAttributeAssignValue

attributeAssignValue

deleteAttributeAssignValue

attributeDef

addAttributeDef

attributeDef

deleteAttributeDef

attributeDef

updateAttributeDef

attributeDefName

addAttributeDefName

attributeDefName

deleteAttributeDefName

attributeDefName

updateAttributeDefName

attributeDefNameSet

addAttributeDefNameSet

attributeDefNameSet

deleteAttributeDefNameSet

group

addGroup

group

deleteGroup

group

updateGroup

groupField

addGroupField

groupField

deleteGroupField

groupField

updateGroupField

groupType

addGroupType

groupType

deleteGroupType

groupType

updateGroupType

groupTypeAssignment

assignGroupType

groupTypeAssignment

unassignGroupType

member

addMember

member

changeSubject

member

deleteMember

member

updateMember

membership

addMembership

membership

deleteMembership

membership

updateMembership

permission

permissionChangeOnRole (Grouper 2.1+)

privilege

addPrivilege

privilege

deletePrivilege

privilege

updatePrivilege

roleSet

addRoleSet

roleSet

deleteRoleSet

stem

addStem

stem

deleteStem

stem

updateStem

Implementing a consumer

Note: you should impement an EsbEventListener (layer on top), not a change log consumer


SQL View

There is a friendly SQL view: grouper_change_log_entry_v which will be more friendly to query if you are debugging something than the grouper_change_log_entry table

To do

  • Add retry timeouts and max retries (currently it will just keep retrying every cycle of loader (every minute?) if there is an exception in target system.  It should sleep for progressively longer and longer until hitting a max
  • Add filters so that all systems are not notified on all change log entries
  • Add hook on change log entry (pre/post insert/update/delete
  • Add import/export to xml

Design / FAQ

  • The change log is transactional.  If a rollback or failure occurs in Grouper, the change log will be in sync.
  • If the destination is unreachable, it will retry next time with the same record
  • You can query the change log directly with the API through the DAO
  • Change log entries are ordered so that they notify in an order that will work (i.e. create a group before adding members)
  • There is a unique id (sequential sequence) for each row in change log
  • The timestamp is in micros, and will never be the same on the same jvm as another record
  • No database triggers are user, it's an all Java solution
  • There are 12 columns to stash data in the change log entry
  • Grouper keeps track of progress of consumers run in the loader
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