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At its core, the internet is supposed to be the biggest decentralized communication system ever built. Nobody owns it or controls it. It is an open network accessible by everyone.

Since its conception, the internet has been one of the most revolutionary inventions in the world. It changed how we perceive and interact with the world around us forever. The internet has made globalization possible, increased accessibility, and opportunities as well.

The Many Facets of Decentralized Internet

At first glance, the decentralized design is favorable in many ways. Over the years, it has become a metaphor for freedom of speech. Anyone could publish information of any kind without the consent of gatekeepers.

As smooth as this sounds, it is no secret that a decentralized system comes with its challenges. The problems are multifold in this case.

With the growth of this open network came the rising risks to privacy and security. No matter what you are doing on the internet, you will leave behind a digital footprint. Whether you are searching for the latest news or using an essay writing service on a write my essay platform, once your information is out there, it is difficult to control who has access to it. The lack of regulation invites several security threats.

The Significance of ICANN

Every single day we see the emergence of more technological innovations and developments. As such, there is an increasingly significant and undeniable need to have a level of protection on the world wide web.

So, if you need to open a website and lock in a domain name, you need a cost-effective way to secure the name. At the same time, you also need to do it through a platform that can protect the rights of your website and give you complete control over it.

This is where ICANN and similar platforms have important roles to play. For those who are unaware, ICANN is a not-for-profit partnership of people across the globe with the goal to keep the internet stable and secure. It promotes competition within the grounds of a decentralized internet, they also develop policies to make the internet as impenetrable as possible.

In simple terms - ICANN has no authority over the content on the Web. It cannot restrict access to the site, nor stop any spam from lurching on the websites. However, what it does is coordinating the Internet Domain Naming System (DNS) that will promote authenticity in the world wide web.

ICANN's policies revolved around the protection of personal data. The system has established registry contracts that define how a domain name functions and evolves. With privacy on the internet becoming more and more vulnerable, such an endeavor is crucial for the internet's healthy growth.

Alternatives to ICANN

 ICANN is indeed the most commonly adopted DNS these days. However, you can also find other open-source projects that are developing on the same concept. We will introduce a few below.

ButterFly Protocol

The latest notable addition to the DNS arena is the ButterFly Protocol, a block-chain based domain name system built for the centralized internet. Unlike ICANN, this offers a decentralized registry form where the domains can be bought via cryptocurrency.

With this technological integration, ButterFly Protocol allows any user to sponsor, recommend, or bid on new Top-Level Domains. Moreover, they will also be able to receive a share of the tokens connected to the name.

The team recognizes that there is a raising need for secure alternatives on web browsing and messaging. So, Butterfly Protocol has also made it possible to use each domain address for unique functionalities.

Users can choose to create a single domain or a framework of domains with the flexibility offered by the Butterfly Protocol.

OpenNIC Project

OpenNIC is another user-owned Network Information Center that functions as an alternative to the registries of ICANN.

Like ICANN, OpenNIC DNS servers also enable hostname resolution in the US Government DNS. Users also get access to the namespaces that are in partnership with OpenNIC. The platform runs on an anycast IP address, offering better performance and convenience for users. In other words- they no longer have to guess at the more efficient public services to use.

That said, as OpenNIC is user-controlled, it is also likely that the available public DNS servers and their performance will fluctuate compared to the public DNS services.

Final Words

Technological evolution is happening at a rapid rate these days. It stands to reason that both individuals and companies are concerned about their privacy and security measures.

There is no shortage of DNS services on the internet. However, if you want to avoid handing over your information to large internet companies, you need to be conscious of what you are signing up for. 

ICANN and the other platforms listed here have user-protection at the forefront of their vision. They are steering the movement in the right direction to develop a better approach to safety and privacy in the digital age.

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